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He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully. (Psalm 24:4)
Clean hands.
 Untainted by iniquity. Since the hands are the instruments of activity, to have clean hands means to be upright (see Job 17:9; Ps. 18:24).
A pure heart.
 True religion does not consist in mere outward conformity to religious ceremonies; it controls the heart and produces purity of thought and sincerity of motive.
Lifted up his soul.
 “Soul” means “self” (see on Ps. 3:2; Ps. 16:10).
Vanity.
 Heb. shaw’, “worthlessness”; sometimes used of idols as being worthless (Jer. 18:15); also of false opinions, swearing falsely or taking God’s name in vain (Ex. 20:7). The godly man regards only that which is true and real.
Nor sworn deceitfully.
 Compare the ninth commandment (Ex. 20:16).